About Pakistan: Karachi City

- Pakistani

Karachi originally was a small fisherman village settled by the Baloch tribes from Balochistan and Makran. Their first settlement was near the delta of the Indus River which they named as ‘Kolachi’ village. The well-known neighbourhood “Mai Kolachi” of Karachi still reminds the original name of the city. It was also known as the port of Debal to the Arabs, from where Muhammad bin Qasim led his conquering force into South Asia in 712 AD.

The city has an estimated population of 21 million people as of April 2012. Results in that month of Pakistan’s latest census initial tabulations show that the district is home to over 21 million people, at a density of nearly 6,000 people per square kilometre (15,500 per square mile). Karachi is located in the south of the country, along the coastline meeting the Arabian Sea. It is almost four times larger than Hong Kong.

Karachi is locally known as the “City of Lights” and “The bride of the cities” for its liveliness, and the “City of the Quaid”, having been the birth and burial place of Quaid-e-Azam, the Great Leader, (Muhammad Ali Jinnah), the founder of Pakistan, who made the city his home after Pakistan’s independence from the British Raj on 14 August 1947.

The modern port-city of Karachi, however, was developed by authorities of the British Raj in the 19th century. Upon the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the city was selected to become the national capital, and was settled by Muslim refugees from India. Due to the facing major infrastructural and socio-economic challenges and expanded population, in 1958, the capital of Pakistan was moved from Karachi to Rawalpindi and then in 1960, to the newly built Islamabad.

Karachi is the largest city of Pakistan and capital of province of Sindh. Karachi is one of the world’s largest cities in terms of population. Karachi has the main seaport and is the financial capital of Pakistan. Karachi is Pakistan’s best centre of banking, industry, and trade.

Education is considered as the life line of a country and Pakistan’s educational lines are linked with Karachi. Karachi is the most educated city of Pakistan with the highest literacy rate in Sindh.

Literacy rate in Karachi is almost 80 % according to a survey. Colleges and Universities in Karachi are known for their best educational standards and moral values. Colleges and universities in Karachi are offering vast range of subjects and programs to study and some institutes are providing specialization in some courses.

Karachi is the main centre of the country’s economy and trade. Educational needs are stronger here. Educational institutes provide students moral and ethical values and enlighten their minds and character to achieve success and victory.

Karachi, being main financial centre of Pakistan, is famous for its educational standards. Because of its demographical, geographical and cultural diversities, Karachi is known as the most important city of Pakistan. Karachi is home of Pakistan’s largest corporations, including  in textiles, shipping, automotive industry, entertainment, the arts, fashion, advertising, publishing, software development and medical research. Karachi is ranked as a Beta world city(a city generally considered to be an important node in the global economic system).

Karachi has an arid climate with low average precipitation levels. In July–August, it is considered monsoon season. Winters are mild and dry, while the summers are warm and humid; the closeness to the sea maintains humidity levels at a near-constant high and cool sea breezes relieve the heat of the summer months.

Karachi has several transport systems. Following are most important ones.

Karachi is linked by rail to the rest of the country by Pakistan Railways. The Karachi City Station and Karachi Cantonment Railway Station are the city’s two major railway stations. The railway system handles a large amount of freight to and from the Karachi port and provides passenger services to people traveling up country.

The Jinnah International Airport is located in Karachi. It is the largest and busiest airport of Pakistan. It handles 10 million passengers a year. The airport receives the largest number of foreign airlines. All of Pakistan’s airlines use Karachi as their primary transport hub including PIA – Pakistan International Airlines, Airblue, and Shaheen Air International. The city’s old airport terminals are now used for Hajj flights, offices, cargo facilities, and ceremonial visits from heads of states.

The largest shipping ports in Pakistan are the Port of Karachi and the nearby Port Qasim. These seaports have modern facilities and not only handle trade for Pakistan, but serve as ports for Afghanistan and the landlocked Central Asian countries. Plans have been announced for new passenger facilities at the Port of Karachi.