Pakistan: Corporal Punishment a Key Reason for Increasing School Drop outs

- Pakistani

In Pakistan there are so many children who leave the schools without completing their education. With other reasons corporal punishment is one of the major reasons to contribute high rate drop outs in Pakistan. It is a widely acceptable phenomenon in Pakistan as a mean to teach the students either boys or girls.

The teachers find it a useful technique to make the students obedient. But in fact for this reason so many children refuse to come in the school. When the teacher beat the students they became afraid of him/her and try to avoid attending the class of that teacher.

If the teacher continues his/her behaviour students became frustrated and refuse to go to school forever. In this way teachers’ behaviour spoil the future of the children. Instead of going to school they tend to stay at home or do any other task. They get ready to do any activity besides going to school.

According to the Islamabad-based Society for the Protection of the Rights of the Child (SPARC), a local non-governmental organisation (NGO) advocating the rights of children, 35,000 high school pupils in Pakistan drop out of the education system each year due to corporal punishment.

By keeping in view the growing high rate of school drop outs, because of corporal punishment, the government made plans to teach the students without beating.

The government of the North West Frontier Province banned corporal punishment in primary schools in 1999. A year later, the governments of Baluchistan and Punjab issued directives to all teachers not to use corporal punishment on children. The Sindh government also issued similar orders in 2007.

Government is trying to aware the teachers to teach the students by guiding and instructing them instead of beating. But, unfortunately these plans are failed to implement.

I think that instead of beating if teachers involve the students in study and if they give them value students would take more interest in study. My experience with children proved that if they are involved in teaching learning process, they would be able to learn more.

It is needed to change the teaching system and to teach the students developing their interest in studies instead of imposing the threat of study, upon them. In this way more students would enter in education sector and would remain to complete their education enthusiastically.